If you have a business and you have employees, then you need a Federal Employer Identification Number, or EIN. Basically, it is a number that the Internal Revenue Service uses to identify your business.
Your EIN is a nine-digit number that the IRS assigns to identify tax accounts of employers. The EIN is not a substitute for your social security number, and it’s important that business owners use the EIN, not their social security number when dealing with the IRS.
How do you know whether you need an EIN?
If you answer yes to any of the following questions, you need one:
- Do you have employees?
- Is your business incorporated?
- Do you file tax returns for the following: Employment, Excise, Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms?
- Have you filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 7?
- Are you forming a pension, profit sharing or retirement plan?
- Do you have a Keogh plan (A Keogh plan is a a tax-deferred pension plan for employees)?
- Are you a new corporation or LLC?
- Did you recently purchase or inherit an existing business?
- Is your business involved with any of the following: Trusts, except certain grantor-owned revocable trusts, IRAs, Exempt Organization Business Income Tax Returns, estates, real estate mortgage investment conduits, non-profit organizations, farmers’ cooperatives, plan administrators.
However, you do not need an EIN if you are simply changing the name of your business or moving the business location.
If you are forming a corporation, getting a EIN should be a priority, because you won’t be able to make a deposit or file a tax return until you have one in hand. It may take one to two weeks to get an EIN, so it’s important to plan ahead.
If you do have any questions about whether your business requires a EIN, the IRS can answer most questions. Also, several online incorporation companies can handle all the paperwork involved in setting up a new business, including filing for an EIN.